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What Is A Bunion? What Causes Bunions? Get Answers

Patients often ask our podiatrists, “What is a bunion?” They have heard about bunions, and are experiencing the pain of one at the time, but are unsure what bunions actually are and why they develop. Although some medical professionals have debated what causes bunions, all agree they can be an extremely painful foot problem that needs treatment. What is a Bunion? A bunion, or hallux valgus, is a deformity that progressively develops at the base of the big toe (metatarsophalangeal joint). When the first metatarsal bone in the foot, the one joined to the big toe at the joint, pushes outward with the joint and the big toe turns inward toward the other toes, it causes a deformity or bunion. The deformity appears as a bump on the outside of the toe. Pressure placed on the misaligned joint causes the bursa, a fluid-filled sac that surrounds the joint and functions as a cushion between the bones, to become inflamed. Pain occurs. What Causes Bunions? Some believe the primary cause of bunions is tightly fit, narrow-toed shoes pushing the big toe inward. Others believe a hereditary factor puts people at a higher risk for developing bunions and tightly fitted shoes increase the likelihood. Both hereditary factors and shoes that push bones in unnatural positions can lead to bunions, as can other factors. For instance, if you have flatfeet or excessive pronation you could develop bunions. A foot injury may also make you more prone to bunions. Symptoms of Bunions The first sign of a bunion is a solid bump forming on the outside of the big toe at the base....
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